International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) and Workshop2016-12-13
A regular International Coastal Cleanup action was held in Primorsky Kray on September 26, 2009. This year ICC campaign has been extended. Actions were carried out in Shchitovaya Bay (Ussuriysky Gulf), in Olga Bay (Olginsky District, Primorsky Kray), at the head of the Amursky Gulf – on the north-western coast (Tavrichanka settlement, Nadezhdinsk District, Primorsky Kray) and in Uglovoy Bay (Prokhladnoye settlement, Nadezhdinsk District, Primorsky Kray), in Emar Bay (Ussuriysky Gulf), on Volna beach (Nakhodka Bay).
The action's principal organizers were Sea Protection Institute, Maritime State University named after Admiral G.I. Nevelskoy and Regional Coordination Unit of the North-West Pacific Action Plan (POMRAC NOWPAP), that held actions in Shchitovaya Bay and Olga Bay; Primorsky Kray Administration (actions in Emar Bay and Nakhodka Bay); as well as Defenders and Conservators social environmentalist movement (actions in the Amursky Gulf).
The action is primarily targeted at improving the quality of the Primorsky Kray marine coastal zone, as well as at perfecting regional mechanisms for finding solutions to the marine litter issue within the Russian sector of NOWPAP through the involvement of public, research and administrative agencies concerned.
ICC participants in Shchitovaya Bay (Vladivostok, Ussuriysky Gulf)
ICC participants in Olga Bay (Primorsky Kray)
The NOWPAP Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter (RAP MALI) is being implemented since March 2008, after its approval by the four NOWPAP member states. The 2008 NOWPAP International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) and Training Workshop were held in Vladivostok, Russian Federation on 26-28 September, as one of RAP MALI activities. Representatives of the member states and the Regional Activity Centres (RACs) of NOWPAP and its partners such as COBSEA (Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia), YSLME (Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem) and Ocean Conservancy (which initiated the ICC campaigns in 1986) attended the events. In addition, Russian students, NGOs, media representatives and general public also participated.
At the training workshop on 26 September, 12 presentations were given to share national case studies on the ICC campaigns and related activities in the NOWPAP region as well as beyond the region (e.g., East Asian countries). The global vision of the ICC campaign as a year around movement was presented by the representative of Ocean Conservancy. An on-site training for ICC beach cleanup was conducted in Schitovaya Bay, Vladivostok on 27 September. Fifty participants collected approximately 40 kg of marine litter. After the on-site training, there was a small group meeting to exchange views on the annual ICC campaign in the NOWPAP region as part of outreach strategies to address marine litter issues. The meeting encouraged China and Russia to continue their efforts to organize national ICC campaigns after they have recently joined this kind of activity through the NOWPAP projects on marine litter implemented over last three years.
A working meeting was held on 28 September, back-to-back with the workshop and on-site training of ICC, to discuss the current progress on the implementation of RAP MALI. Further activitiesto be carried out in the 2008-2009 biennium were also discussed in-depth.
International Coastal Cleanup in Dalian, 2008
As one of the activities of the NOWPAP Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter, an International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) campaign was held in Dalian, People's Republic of China on 11 September 2008. This event brought several hundred volunteers from local governmental agencies, industries, universities and non-governmental organizations together with international participants representing Japan, Ocean Conservancy and NOWPAP Regional Coordinating Unit. As a direct result of the activity, over one hundred kilogram of marine litter has been collected on a swimming beach and more from the adjacent seabed where scuba divers were involved. Immediate prior to the ICC, a domestic meeting on marine litter was organized by the Ministry of Environmental Protection to build up awareness on the issue and share experiences among relevant governmental authorities such as Ministry of Agriculture, Maritime Safety Administration and State Oceanic Administration in tackling the problem nationwide. Right after the ICC, an international marine litter prevention and control workshop was also organized for the similar purpose. It is the first time that Ocean Conservancy, the initiator of the ICC campaign worldwide, has sent a senior vice president to China to participate and promote the ICC in China. Similar ICC activities are being organized in Shanghai and other parts of China.
International Coastal Cleanup in Vladivostok, 2007
It is joint efforts and concerted actions that will allow relieving the pressure exerted by the marine litter issue within the NOWPAP region. ICC actions are conducted on this basis. In compliance with the above a pilot action within the framework of 'Marine Ecology - 2007' conference was held on October 2, 2007 in Vladivostok (Primorsky Krai, Russia). The Sea Protection Institute, Maritime State University named after Admiral G.I. Nevelskoy played the leading role in organizing the action.
The action was held at the site of the “Ocean” All-Russia Children's Centre. The main objective of the action was to perfect the internationally-accepted procedure for coast cleanup, involve the public concerned and the administrative agencies into the organization of a large-scale action scheduled for autumn of 2008. The Sea Protection Institute has organized a spearhead group of students which has been taking part in marine litter monitoring program for the south-west part of Primorsky Krai for four years already.
The pilot ICC preparation included drawing up the plan of actions covering the development of the action programme as well as teaching students how to assess the extent of beach littering according to the ICC procedures. The action organizers had reconnoitred the site with the purpose of identifying most preferable location of basic positions. The beach survey had allowed making up a field plan for the proposed event, outlining 4 sectors for collecting the litter, the area of each being 15 * 30 m. Three sectors were allocated for litter collection by the school students residing at the Ocean Children's Centre, and one sector was for the work of the organizers and guests, including NOWPAP observers. Table 1 shows the data on the litter collected.
The action resulted in collecting 44.3 kg of marine litter. The analysis of the filled-in ICC forms has shown that as far as litter composition is concerned the articles left behind by beach-goers prevailed.
During the action the volume of litter collected was evaluated. Plastic bottles, glass, metal accounted for 32 %, 13%, 10% respectively among all the litter volumes.
An International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) campaign was successfully organized on 28 September 2007 in Busan, Republic of Korea, and an associated workshop on marine litter was held on 27 September right before the ICC event. Both ICC campaign and the workshop were sponsored by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF), Republic of Korea. Participants in the campaign and workshop were from 4 NOWPAP member states, COBSEA member countries, EAS/RCU, YSLME, the Ocean Conservancy (ICC founder), NGOs from Korea and Japan and several Korean research institutes.
In the ICC campaign, more than 120 Participants including local volunteers and college students joined to collect and sort the marine litter. The representatives from the participating organizations received certificates from the Ocean Conservancy.
During the workshop, a ceremony of MoU regarding Nakdong River Basin Marine Litter Management was held. Two Ministers from Ministry of Environment and MOMAF, and local authorities around Busan area signed on the MoU and this action will greatly contribute to the reduction of marine litter input from the river basin.
International Coastal Cleanup in Rizhao, 2007
An International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) was successfully organized on 28 June 2007 in Rizhao city, China, with kind sponsorship of the State Environmental Protection Administration of China and Rizhao municipal government. It was the first time the ICC was formally introduced to the newly emerging city as NOWPAP is advancing the implementation of its Marine Litter Activity launched two years ago. Two dozens representatives from Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia and regional programmes and projects such as COBSEA, PEMSEA and YSLME joined hand in hand with two hundreds local participants in this beach cleanup in an effort to raise public awareness on marine litter and promote public participation in the cleanup. The Rizhao ICC attracted a great attention in China with the local participants ranging from central government officials, vice mayors, experts to elementary school kids. The central and local media covered this activity widely on television and in newspapers.
Prior to the ICC activity, an associated workshop addressing marine litter prevention and control was held on 27 June 2007. NOWPAP will continue organizing ICC campaigns in Busan, Republic of Korea and Vladivostok, Russia later this year and next year as part of its Marine Litter Activity.
The 2nd Workshop on Marine Litter in Toyama, Japan 2007
The 2nd NOWPAP Workshop on Marine Litter was held on 28-29 March 2007 in Toyama, Japan.
The main topics at the workshop are in the following six aspects: 1) countermeasures against marine litter; 2) reduction and prevention of marine litter; 3) fisheries-related marine litter; 4) coastal cleanup and marine litter monitoring; 5) marine litter management policies and systems; and 6) regional actions against marine litter.
The Second MALITA Working Meeting was held on 30 March 2007 right after the 2nd MALITA workshop. The meeting reviewed the current progress of the MALITA implementation and discussed further steps to be taken, especially about RAP MALI (Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter Management).
As a part of the NOWPAP project, Marine Litter Activity (MALITA), an international coastal cleanup was organized on 30 September 2006 in Sakata city, Japan. More than 100 people from China, Japan, Korea and Russia participated in the beach cleanup and a workshop held on the previous day. Representatives from government agencies, research and education institutions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and local citizen shared their experiences in organizing International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) and similar events in their countries.
The 2006 NOWPAP ICC event was sponsored by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Representative from the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Korea that a similar event might be hosted financially supported by the Korean Government in September 2007.
Participants of the coastal cleanup and the associated workshop agreed that raising public awareness is one of most important activities in dealing with the marine litter problem. Representatives of both China and Russia confirmed their willingness to join the ICC in the nearest future.
The 1st NOWPAP Workshop on Marine Litter in Incheon, Korea 2006
The 1st NOWPAP Workshop on Marine Litter was held on 8-9 June 2006 in Incheon, Republic of Korea.
The main topics discussed at the workshop include: marine litter monitoring, distribution, policies and management, treatment and recycling technologies focusing on its sea-based sources. Additionally, a side event was organized to show the "Buyback Programme" of marine litter from fishermen and technological approaches to collect marine litter found on sea surfaces and bottoms using specially designed vessels in Korea. Also, the workshop participants visited a recycling facility that treats discarded polystyrene, mainly from fishing and aquaculture activities.
At the workshop, participants exchanged existing data and information related to marine litter, and shared their experience and expertise. Recognizing the severity of the problems imposed by marine litter on the marine and coastal environment of the NOWPAP region, the workshop participants re-affirmed the need for cooperation among the NOWPAP members and also between the NOWPAP and the neighboring Regional Seas such as COBSEA in order to better cope with the marine litter problem.
The participants noted that marine litter monitoring, related regulations and policies as well as treatment technologies already exist in this region. Nevertheless, the participants came to an understanding that further efforts are needed to co-ordinate their activities, raise awareness of the marine litter problem, increase participation of all concerned stakeholders, exchange information and shared experience, expertise and lessons learned. Also, they agreed that there is a need for the countries in the Region to manage the sea-based marine litter issue through the full implementation of existing global regulations such as those contained in the London Convention concerning dumping at sea and MARPOL Annex V with respect to ship-generated garbage.
The 1st International Workshop on Marine Litter in the Northwest Pacific Region was held on 14-15 November, 2005, in Toyama, Japan. The workshop was organized by the Japanese Ministry of Environment and the Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation Center (NPEC).
Presentations were delivered to address the marine litter issue at the both global and regional levels by representatives from the UNEP Regional Seas Programme, NOWPAP RCU and Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology.
Representatives from each NOWPAP member state made presentations under several subjects such as status reports on marine litter in the NOWPAP member countries; simulation model and monitoring of marine litter distribution in the Northwest Pacific region and its related areas; policy and management for marine litter in NOWPAP members; and other topics concerning marine litter.