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Information Sources on Marine and Coastal Environment
in the NOWPAP Region

(Last update: 2011-02-16)

National Sources


Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

Research Centers and Orgnizations under JAMSTEC:

Data Site:

Japan Oceanographic Data Center (JODC)

JODC in Japan Coast Guard serves as synthetic marine data bank of Japan in acquisition of marine data obtained by various marine research institutes and organizations in Japan. JODC is carrying out international services as the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) of IODE. Also Responsible National Oceanographic Data Center (RNODC), which manages the data from international programmes such as the IOC/WESTPAC and Joint IOC-WMO/IGOSS and so on. 

Digital Data Holdings at Website:

The collected digital data at JODC are converted onto JODC format and the data on the printed sheet or analogue record are digitized at JODC. Those data are stored in the file by instrument or by data type with sort in order of cruise or geography.
The follow provides descriptions of each JODC's Master Data File. The data file description includes a file format designed by JODC.

Temperature and Salinity
- Serial Station Data
  STD/CTD Data (Serial Station Data Format)
  CTD Data
  BT Data

- Statistics of Temperature in 1 degree Mesh
- Statistics of Salinity in 1 degree Mesh
Ocean Current
- Ocean Surface Current Data
- Shipboard ADCP Data

- Statistics of Ocean Current in 1 degree Mesh
Tide (Sea Level)
- Sea Level Data
Tidal Current
- Mooring Observation Data
Marine Pollution
Bathymetry and Marine Geophysics
- J-EGG500 (500m Mesh Depth-sounding Data)
- MGD77 Data (Bathymetry, Geomagnetism, Gravity)
- J-BIRD (JODC Bathymetry Integrated Random Dataset)
Marine Biology
- Marine Organisms Data

Non-Digital Data (Microfilm/Microfiche)

To carry out a wide range of services for local communities, JMA operates a number of observatories and weather stations across the country. Sapporo, Sendai, Tokyo, Osaka, and Fukuoka District Meteorological Observatories (DMOs) and the Okinawa Meteorological Observatory serves as regional central offices to direct 47 Local Meteorological Observatories (LMOs) which provide information services in prefectures and sub-prefectures, as well as 56 weather stations which are dedicated to observations.

JMA also provides services for various sectors of the economy. Four Aviation Weather Service Centers (AWSCs), 9 aviation weather stations, and 49 airport branches have been established for aviation meteorological services. Four Marine Observations in Hakodate, Kobe, Nagasaki, and Maizuru offer marine meteorological and oceanographic services.

Data of Climate and Ocean on the Website:

Marine Information Research Center (MIRC)

MIRC was established in the Japan Hydrographic Association. MIRC conducts high grade quality control to the oceanic data compiled by JODC, and produces useful data products for users of various fields. Speedy distribution of necessary data set and of data products is also the task of MIRC. Besides, MIRC also works for enlightening and popularization of the ocean knowledge for general publics using its data products. The staffs of MIRC and JODC conduct various joint-studies on data management problems.

MIRC conducts basic investigations on data management problems and produces desirable data products. MIRC also joins actively to cooperative projects with domestic and overseas investigators. MIRC publishes books to enlighten the role of the oceans for human being, and designs educational materials relating to oceans. MIRC also works internationally on data collection, quality control and other data management issues. MIRC positively joins international projects relating oceanographic data management.

Data on the Website:

Marine Environmental Protection for the Northwest Pacific Region by (NPEC)

Since 2001, the Environment Ministry and the Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation Center (NPEC) have been promoting the Marine Environmental Watch Project as a means of establishing a system to distribute marine environment data, gathered by satellites and analyzed, to NOWPAP affiliated countries and other nations.

NPEC began operation of its receiving ground station in March of 2002. The data received are from NOAA AVHRR, Feng Yun-1 (FY-1) Multi-channel Visible and Infrared Scan Radiometer (MVISR) and TERRA/Aqua MODIS satellite instruments, which are used for marine environment monitoring.Measured data obtained by the receiving ground station are automatically processed for the NOWPAP region and saved in a database that may eventually be utilized in the future for baseline information. The data are accessible via the Internet and provides images of clouds, SST, Chlorophyll a concentration and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The data are accessible by searches by measurement date, cloud cover and region. Ten-day composite images of the SST, day and night, are also available.

Database on the Website:

  • Satellite Image Search ( Search and order satellite data)
  • Data Processing / Analysis (Useful information for processing and analysis of remote sensing data)
  • Case Study (some examples of how downloaded data has been used)
  • Marine Calendar (Daily satellite derived maps of sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a(Chl-a) concentration. Select 'Data', 'Area of interest', 'Year' and 'Month')

NEAR-GOOS Regional Real Time Data Base (NEAR-GOOS RRTDB)

The NEAR-GOOS Regional Real Time Database is operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).

NEAR-GOOS Database:

JMA Products

Analyzed Oceanic Conditions

Sea Surface Temperatures

Western North Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures

Global Sea Surface Temeratures (COBE-SST)

Subsurface Temperatures and Surface Currents in the seas around Japan

Sea Ice

Observations by JMA Research Vessels


National Marine Data and Information Service (NMDIS)

The National Marine Data and Information Service (NMDIS) is an public-good institution directly under the State Oceanic Administration (SOA) of China, which is responsible for the centralized management of national marine information resources, the provision of technical support and information service for national marine economic development, sea area management and marine environmental protection, and the operational guidance and coordination for national marine information work.

The NMDIS (housing and operating the National Oceanographic Data Center of China, the China Argo Data Center, the National Marine Archives Center and the International Ocean Institute China Operational Center) hosts the World Data Center-D for Oceanography, Tianjin, China. The NMDIS acts also as the national representative and coordinator for the IOC Committee on International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE), the national partner participating in the Aquatic Science and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) of the United Nations, the ASFA National Input Center in China and the National Documents Depository Center of UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).

NMDIS Data Holdings:

Marine Basic Data

- Coastal station data
- Temperature-salinity data
- Surface current data
- ARGO Buoy data
- Sea Surface Meteorological Observational  Database
- Nansen station data
- Marine biological data
- Marine geological and geophysical data
- Coastal Station Meteorological Data
- Marine meteorological observations

Marine Information Products

- Products of marine environmental statistical analysis
- Tidal prediction of China's major ports
- Tide Forecast service
- Marine environment remote-sensing products
- Impact assessment of marine environment on the globe
- China's marine economic development  situation
- Data assimilation product of marine  elements
- Surface Meteorological Data & Products

Marine Data Format

- Coastal Station Data Format
- Coastal Station Meteorological Data
- Marine Meteorological Observation Data

Metadata Information
- Coastal station metadata
- Current metadata
- Nansen station metadata
- Marine biological metadata
- Marine environmental quality metadata
- Marine resource metadata
- Marine economy metadata

Research and Service:

- Marine Data Management, Processing and Service
- Marine Information Network construction and Service
- Marine Environmental Assessment and Prediction and Service
- Marine Strategy and Policy study
- Marine Economic Information Management and Service
- Marine Remote-Sensing and Basic Geographic Information Management and Service

http://www.argo.org.cn/english/index.html The China Argo Data Center (CADC) is hosted and operated by the NMDIS (National Marine Data & Information Service).

China took part in global Argo program in October 2001 and planed to deploy 100-150 floats in Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Oceans during 2002-2005 to set up a local oceanic observing network. Then in each year later, 20-30 floats are to be deployed for the network's operation in normal conditions.

China Argo is implemented through the cooperation of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Land, the China State Ocean Administration, China Navy, China Academic of Sciences and China Meteorological Administration.

Until now 29 Argo floats have been deployed by China in Pacific and East Indian. 8 floats are active. 949 profiles from 27 floats (two floats have no measurements) have been processed by the end of October 2005.

Argo Data and Products at CADC Website:
- China Argo Data                                                                                                                              
- Metadata Navigation
- Deployment Information
- FTP download
- ARGO Data File Format                                                                                                                          - Global Argo Data

Under support from the Basic Research Department of MOST, the Science Technology Department of SOA, the Foreign Affairs Cooperation Department of SOA, the Second Institute of Oceanography (SOA), and the Key Laboratory of Ocean Dynamic Processes and Satellite Oceanography (SOA), on April 5,2002, China Argo Real-Time Data Center Website was set up in Hangzhou, China.

China Argo Real-Time Data Center is the main part of China Argo Center.

China Argo Project has deployed 89 floats in the Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Oceans. Now there are 48 floats still active. Click here to get the Argo data of China floats.

Data and Information on the Website:

- China Argo Project (meeting, publications, reports etc)
- Applications
- Argo Data:
    - China Floats
    - Global Floats
    - Data Format
- Argo Related Web Sites National Float Programs and Data Centers

China Oceanic Information Network

National Marine Data & Information Service of China (NMDIS) is a integrated institution responsible for the collection, process, management and providing service of marine data and information in China. 

Since 1970s, it has conducted all kind of digitizing and the quality control of marine data and information in China. Rich experiences have been accumulated in the field of data and information digitizing and quality control. 

The digitized data could be transferred to the user through China Ocean Information Network.

Data and information on COI:
Dada & Products
- Coastal Station Data
- Sea Level Data
- Coastal Station Meteorological Data
- Sea Surface Meteorological Data

Data Analysis Products:
- Tide Forecast

NEAR-GOOS Dada & Products:
1. Buoy data
2. Ships of opportunity data
- Observation in China Sea
- Observation in bases FM 13-VII SHIP
3. Station data:
- Station Temperature and Salinity Data
- Station Wave and Wind Data
- The Coastal Station Data
- The Coastal Station Data of Russia
4.Meteorological Data
- SST Data
5.GTS Data
- Radiosounding Data
- Surface Meteorological
- Ship meteorological

Marine Management

Marine Economic

 - Condition of China's Marine Economic Development in 2002
 - Condition of China's Marine Economic Development in 2001
- Condition of China's Marine Economic Development in 2000
 - Condition of China’s Marine Economic Development in 1999
 - Condition of China's Marine Economic Development in 1998
- Condition of China's Marine Economic Development in 1997
- Condition of China's Marine Economic Development in 1996
- Inventory of Marine Economic Statistic Data

  Marine Disasters

National Marine Basic Information Network Service System (WDC-D Prject),carry out general investigation of marine data throughout the country and widely collect marine data sources at home and abroad, and their metadata information; further increase channels of exchange and cooperation with foreign countries, collect to the maximum extent possible the marine data from home and abroad, and carry out standardized processing and quality control of the data; work out the standards for the metadata of marine data and the standards for the standardized processing, quality control, management and service of the data; establish the marine data metadata bases and the marine data navigation service system; transform, update and improve the existing data bases and establish some new data bases so as to form the marine database group; establish the management and service network system of domestic and foreign marine data; and provide metadata information of marine data, and the shared service of marine data and its basic products.

Web GIS:

- 1:1 000 000 Marine  basic geography
- Marine economy
- Marine zoology
- Marine resource
- Marine environment
- Marine disaster

Marine Basic Data:

- Coastal station data
- Temperature-salinity data
- Surface current data
- ARGO Buoy data
- Sea Surface Meteorological Observational Database
- Nansen station data
- Marine biological data
- Marine geological and geophysical data
- Marine meteorological observations
- Global Telecommunication System (GTS)

Metadata Information:

- Coastal station metadata
- Current metadata
- Nansen station metadata
- Marine biological metadata
- Marine environmental quality metadata
- Marine resource metadata
- Marine economy metadata

Marine Information Products:

- Products of marine environmental statistical analysis
- Tidal prediction of China's major ports
- Marine environment remote-sensing products
- Marine environmental bulletin
- Impact assessment of marine environment the globe
- China's marine economic development situation
- Data assimilation product of marine elements
- Surface Meteorological Data & Products

Survey of oceanographic centers:

- WDC-D Oceanographic Center
- WDC World Oceanographic Center
- National Marine Data and Information Service

WDC-D  projects:

- Background of project development
- Main contents of work
- Undertaking units and personnel

China Database for NEAR-GOOS

China Delayed Mode Database for NEAR-GOOS

Developed by National Marine Data and Information Service. 

Information Service:

- Sea Wave Forecast
- Sea Water Temperature Forecast
- Sea Ice Forecast

- Tide Forecast (Monthly)
- Sea Waves Analysis Map (Daily)
- SST Analysis Map (Every Tend Days)
- 3D SST Current Prediction (Daily)
- El NiNo Monitoring and Protection (Bi-Monthly)

Data and Data Product Service

Data List and Format:

- Buoy data List (Format)
- Ships of opportunity data
     Observation in China sea (Format)
     Observation in bases FM 13-VII SHIP (Format)
- Station data
     Station Temperature and Salinity Data Format
   Station Wave and Wind Data Format
     The Coastal Station Data List of China  (Format)
   The Coastal Station Data of Russia   (Format)
- Meteorological Data list  (Format)

China Real Time Data Base for NEAR-GOOS

- Data Source
- Date Format
- Data Product



Korea Oceanographic Data Center (KODC), NFRDI

KODC hosted by the National Fisheries Research & Development Institute (NFRDI) is the National intervener of IODE, and to take part in International Union Oceanographic Research Investigation. KODC has been fulfilling the role of the synthetic marine data bank of Korea in acquisition of marine data obtained by various marine research institutes and organizations concerned in Korea. KODC is in charge of National Delayed Mode Data Base (NDMDB) in NEAR-GOOS.

 NFRDI has carried out "Korea Oceanographic Data and Information Service"  (KODIS) project from 2000 for promoting oceanographic data and information exchange in a national and international basis. Major purposes of this project are developing information systems on marine affairs and on metadata of the oceanographic datasets.

Data on the KODC website:

Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI)

Since its establishment in 1973, KORDI has been striving to achieve higher standards in ocean science and technology, and to secure public understanding of, and commitment to, the role of the marine sector in the national development of public welfare.

KORDI is a multidisciplinary ocean research institute in Korea, carrying out oceanographic observations and researches in most branches of oceanography. KORDI is currently carrying out researches on climate change, marine ecosystem responses and prediction in the Eastern area of NOWPAP Region, marine ranching, Saemankum reclamation area environment preservation study, Ieodo ocean observation station on a submerged rock, deep seawater development, ocean defense, other studies such as WOCE and CLIVAR, studies on global waters including deep seabed exploration program, Antarctic and Arctic studies through both polar stations, and regional studies through joint research centers in China and South Pacific.

Data On the KORDI Website:

Oceanographic Atlas of Korean Waters
- East Sea
- Yellow sea
- South Sea
- Korea Strait
Sea Surface Temperature

NEAR-GOOS Real-Time Data of Korea

The NEAR-GOOS Regional Real Time Database is operated by the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI).

Data on the Website:
- Real Time Data
- 72 Hours Data
- Achieved Data
- Stations

KHOA under the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries has carried out hydrographic survey and ocean-graphic observation covering its national jurisdiction, and has established a database for the production of nautical charts, publications, and other oceanographic data. 

KHOA is building up a tool for obtaining information from the oceans and fisheries by constructing GIS for the oceans and fisheries through a MIS (Marine Information System) project.NORI developed databases for the navigation charts, basic data and for the paper navigation charts. It also developed electronic charts from the coastal navigation charts by conforming to the IHO S-57 standard for the purpose of safe navigation via ECDIS. NORI receives sea surface image data from an artificial satellite and processes them for the purpose of simultaneous oceanographic observation in wider ocean areas.  

KHOA data:
- Sea Exposure
- Real Time Coastal Data
- Real Time Ocean Current
- Tidal Forecast

China-Korea Joint Joint Research Center (CKJRC)

China and Republic of Korea (ROK) both are the important coastal countries. The seas and oceans play very important roles to these two country’s economy. In light of the joint statement of the Sino-Korean Summit held in 1994, China-Korea Joint Ocean Research Center (CKJORC) was set up in May, 1995 in Qingdao. The Center, a marine research institution supported by the governments of both the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea (ROK), was established to enhance exchanges and cooperation between the two countries in marine-related fields in a bid to promote the regional development of marine science as well as to protect the marine environment and to boost the sustainable development and utilization of the marine resources in the world

Yellow Sea Database System:
Data Query
- Observational Data
- Statistic Data
- Text Data
Map Query


V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (POI)

The POI of Vladivostok was established in 1973. POI is a multipurpose scientific institution, in which modern research laboratories provide solving the most complicated problems of the ocean study and exploration. In the framework of the Institute there are two coastal experimental stations located in the eastern section of the NOWPAP area. The Institute has an opportunity to conduct studies in cruises on board, the research vessels of the FEB RAS. POI undertakes studies in the bounds of the Federal Program “The World Ocean”, and it has participated in the studies under the International Projects, among which are the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), IOC Sub-commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC), JGOFS, JASC, NEAR-GOOS, NOWPAP, KOMEX, GODAR, Circulation Research of the East Asian Marginal Seas (CREAMS) and others. The Institute has stable scientific ties with many Institutes and Organizations all over the world.

POI Database:

1.  Oceanography and Marine Environment of Far Eastern Region of Russia

- Catalogues, Data Sets and Data Bases
- Climate and Oceanography of the Region
- POI CD-ROM information products
- Software
- The Latest Cruises Reports
- Related Web-Sites (data and information for the region)
- Ocean Information and Ocean Monitoring Laboratory

2. GIS of Pacific Oceanological Institute of FEB RAS
(Far-Eastern Seas of Russia and North-Western part of Pacific Ocean)

- Interactive map
- Oceanological data archive
- Analytical support
- Teaching system
- Electronic library (only for POI FEB RAS)

All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information - World Data Center (RIHMI-WDC)

Data and information on the Website:
Ship meteorological data
GTS data for the World Ocean quarterly sent to Global Data Collection Center (GDCC in Germany and England) within the Marine Climatological Summaries Sheme (MCSC).

Hydrometeorological data
Hydrometeorological data on magnetic tapes of Russian State fund of data on conditions of environment.
 - Data Set Description Format   
 - Land Hydrology
    . rivers and channels, including current observation data, annual data and long-term data
    . glaciers and avalanches
    . land surface water pollution
 - Oceanography
 - Meteorology
 - International Programs and Projects   

Baseline Climatologically Data Sets
- Air temperature (Monthly Data)
- Precipitation (Monthly Data)
- Air pressure (station level) (Monthly Data)
- Sunshine duration (Monthly Data)
- Vapour pressure (Monthly Data)
- Daily air temperature and precipitation
- Daily soil temperature at depths to 320 cm
- Snow cover characteristics
- Current radiosonde data

Climate Data Management System Software

Catalogues of data and publications (World Data Center)
Catalogues contains publications containing observational data available as tables, bulletins, monthly and annual publications, scientific reports, reprints and journals.

Climate research
Climatic conditions on the Russian territory. Bulletin of current climate changes. Emergencies in Russia caused by unfavorable weather conditions. Climate and health.

Climate Data Management System Software

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